Location and Area

The DPR Korea is located in the middle of east of Asian Continent. It shares borders with China and Russia in the north with Rivers Amnok and Tuman in between. And it lies opposite Japan in the east with the East Sea of Korea in between.

It lies in latitude 43°00'36"-33°06'43" and in longitude 124° 10'47"-131°52'40".
The Korean peninsula has an area of 223,370 sq.km. The northern half covers an area of 123,138 sq.km and the southern half 100,2321 sq.km.


It is composed of varieties of mountains and rivers and is surrounded by seas on three sides. Therefore, the lay of the land is well developed with mountains, valleys and coasts. Mountains cover 79.5 percent of the territory, assuming the largest proportion of its geographical features. The highest one is Mt. Paektu (2,750 m).

Most of the high mountains rise on the north and east whereas low plains stretch along the coastline in the west and south. Thus the terrain is higher in the north and south and becomes low in the west and south.


Seas Korean peninsula is surrounded by the East Sea of Korea, the West Sea of Korea and the South Sea of Korea. Seas cover an area of 2,229,300 sq.km. The coastline stretches 16,532.6 km long. The area of the East Sea is 970,500 sq.km, that of West Sea 436,100 sq.km and that of South Sea 822,700sq.km.

Continental shelves account for about 50 percent of the whole area. The whole of West and South Seas consist of continental shelves. It has many islands and islets with deep indented coastlines, forming peninsulas , capes and bays.

Rivers and Lakes

The density of the watercourses of the country is high in the world. It has many rivers, lakes and springs which give abundant resources of water. And the water quality is very good. Most of them are medium or small rivers except six largest rivers like Rivers Amnok, Tuman, Taedong, Han, Rakdong and Kum.

It has also varieties of lakes. Natural lakes are composed of volcanic lakes, lagoons, oxbows and etc. The typical natural lakes are Lake Samji, Lagoon Samil, Lake Sijung, Lagoon Man and Lake Tongjong including Lake Chon of Mt. Paektu.

The artificial lakes were mostly formed when the irrigation projects were conducted and hydropower plants were built. It numbers over 1,000. The big reservoirs are more than 100 including Yonphung, Thaesong, Manphung, Jangsu, Unpha, Sohung, Suphung, Jangjagang and etc.